Oct 21, 2022

Estate, Gift and Generation Skipping Transfer Tax Exclusion Amounts for 2023

By Jordan M. Wassel, Esq.

The federal basic exclusion amount for estate, gift, and generation skipping transfer tax purposes was $12,060,000 per person in 2022. This figure will increase to $12,920,000 in 2023. This basic exclusion amount represents the total amount of property that an individual may pass to anyone, through lifetime gifting and upon his or her death, without the imposition of a federal estate, gift or generation skipping transfer tax.

Further, the concept of portability will still apply in 2023, which allows the surviving spouse to add any unused portion of the basic exclusion amount of the first spouse to die to the survivor’s own exclusion amount for gift or estate (but not for generation skipping transfer) tax purposes.

The law providing for the enhanced lifetime basic exclusion amount is scheduled to automatically expire (“sunset”) beginning January 1, 2026, at which time, absent any intervening federal legislation to the contrary, an individual’s basic exclusion amount will reset to about $6,800,000 (which equals the $5,490,000 amount in 2016 plus an inflation adjustment to January 1, 2026).

The annual gift tax exclusion amount will also increase from $16,000 to $17,000 for 2023. This exclusion amount allows individuals, in 2023, to gift up to $17,000 to each of an unlimited number of individuals, without the imposition of a gift tax or the application of the basic exclusion amount to avoid tax. Any aggregate annual gifts exceeding $17,000 to any one individual will necessitate the filing of a federal gift tax return (Form 709) and will reduce the individual’s lifetime federal basic exclusion amount by the overage.

Additionally, the 401(k) and 403(b) employee contribution limits have increased from $20,500 in 2022 to $22,500 in 2023.

If you have any questions or require additional information, please contact any member of Schenck Price’s Tax Trusts and Estates Practice Group.

DISCLAIMER:  This Alert is designed to keep you aware of recent developments in the law.  It is not intended to be legal advice, which can only be given after the attorney understands the facts of a particular matter and the goals of the client.