Appellate Practice

To many attorneys, a case ends after it has been tried and the post-trial motions have been decided.  In today’s world of never-ending litigation, however, a trial is often just the first stage of an extended process.

During its 100-year history, Schenck, Price, Smith & King’s active and highly successful Appellate Practice Group has handled hundreds of appeals in both federal and state courts and various administrative tribunals.  The Group is often called in after a bad result to rescue a client at the appellate level.

The Appellate Practice Group’s lawyers frequently appeared in the Appellate Division and Supreme Court of New Jersey, various federal courts of appeal and administrative review courts.  Given our vast experience, the Firm is able to handle appeals involving all levels of complexity in a skillful and cost-effective manner.

TYPES OF CLIENTS
Commercial and corporate entities, insurance companies, both directly and indirectly of behalf of their insureds; governmental entities, medical practitioners, insurance brokers and agents and other licensed professionals, including attorneys.

TYPES OF SERVICES
Our Appellate Practice Group handles appeals before state, federal and other administrative review tribunals.  In addition, we are frequently retained to evaluate judgments and administrative law decisions for issues which may provide a more favorable result on appeal. 

PRINCIPAL AREAS OF CONCENTRATION

  • Corporate matters
  • Commercial litigation
  • Insurance coverage and defense
  • Employment Law
  • Civil rights
  • Construction Law
  • Insurance fraud
  • Environmental litigation
  • Personal injury
  • Education
  • Land use
  • Product liability

RECENT REPRESENTATIVE MATTERS

SPSK Litigation Partner John Bowens is handling a significant and very unique dispute before the New Jersey Supreme Court concerning the New Jersey Constitution's provisions requiring the separation of church and state.

Mr. Bowens represented the prevailing party, the County of Morris, at the trial level against a Wisconsin-based organization called the Freedom From Religion Foundation ("FFRF"), which objected to a county program that provided historic preservation grants to church buildings on the state and federal register of historic buildings.

Based upon Mr. Bowens' argument, Judge Margaret Goodzeit, J.S.C. granted the County's motion for summary judgment, holding that the program did not violate the New Jersey Constitution. FFRF appealed the ruling to the New Jersey Appellate Division.

In recognition of the weighty issues at stake in the case, Mr. Bowens utilized a seldom used, and rarely granted, motion to apply for direct consideration by the New Jersey Supreme Court. The Supreme Court accepted the arguments offered on behalf of Morris County and granted the application on June 2, 2017.

He v. Miller, 207 N.J. 230 (2011). This matter involves a plaintiff who was allegedly injured in an automobile accident caused by our client, defendant Enilma Miller (“Miller”).  After a three-day trial, the jury returned a total verdict of $1.71 million.  The trial court granted defense’s post-trial motion for a new trial or, in the alternative remittitur, on the basis that the jury verdict was against the weight of the evidence and shocks the judicial conscience and remitted the award to $830,000.  The Supreme Court upheld the trial court’s Order for Remittitur finding that the trial judge could rely upon his “feel of the case” and other jury verdicts in rendering his decision to remit a jury award.  There is a “wide range of acceptable jury verdicts” and to grant remittitur, the jury award must fall outside of this range.  In determining what constitutes the “wide range of acceptable,” the trial judge may draw upon his or her past experience, his or her “feel of the case,” jury awards in trials over which he or she has presided and those comparable prior jury verdicts provided by the parties.  In addition, the trial court may rely upon its “feel of the case.”  The prior verdicts provided by the defense throughout the appeal process were found to be relevant as they “helped to fix the framework of what the ‘wide range of acceptable’ for the court to consider.”  Moreover, the trial court’s “feel of the case” is equally as compelling in determining the “wide range of acceptable.”  The trial court made a number of observations about the plaintiff made outside of the observations of the jury which supported his decision to remit the jury award including the manner in which plaintiff entered and left the courtroom.  These “feel of the case” observations lend legitimate support to the trial court’s evaluation of a remittitur application.  The matter has been remanded for a new trial on damages.

Abouzaid, et al. v. Mansard Gardens Associates, LLC, et al. 207 N.J. 67 (2011). This matter arises from an August 22, 2007 apartment fire.  The fire resulted in alleged physical and emotional injuries to one or more minors, and alleged emotional injuries to the parents of the injured minors.  GNY’s insured, Mansard Garden Associates, owns the subject apartment.  A lawsuit was filed on behalf of the minors through their parents acting as guardians ad litem, and on behalf of the parents individually.  Count Three of the initial complaint stated a Portee claim for emotional distress on behalf of the minors’ parents which arose from witnessing their sons’ injuries.  However, the parents did not allege any physical manifestation of the alleged emotional injury.  GNY denied coverage for the claims asserted in Count Three on the grounds that emotional distress claims did not trigger coverage absent allegations of manifestation of physical “bodily injury.”  The Trial Court found that Count Three of the Abouzaid plaintiffs’ initial personal injury Complaint triggered coverage for the emotional distress claim and directed GNY to provide a defense to its insured with respect to Count Three.  A plenary hearing was held before Judge Antonin on the issue of the “reasonableness” of the attorneys’ fees which Mansard sought from GNY.  Without a detailed and critical assessment of the individual invoices, the Trial Court ordered GNY to pay for the full amount of fees sought by Mansard.  On appeal, the Appellate Division rendered a unanimous opinion on May 14, 2010, reversing the Trial Court in all respects.  The Supreme Court reversed the Appellate Division and upheld the Trial Court’s determination that GNY owes a defense to Mansard.  While the Supreme Court acknowledged that the underlying complaint did not allege physical injury to the adult plaintiffs and did not specify that the alleged emotional distress was accompanied by a physical manifestation, a Portee claim can be advanced without a physical injury.  Because the adult plaintiffs’ claim for negligent infliction of emotional distress under Portee may involve physical sequelae, the burden of defense must be borne by the insurer.  The Court reasoned that most Portee claims will involve a physical component and thus the defense obligation will be triggered by the filing of a Portee claim.  The obligation to defend continues until the question of a physical injury “clearly drops out of the case.”  In regard to Plaintiff’s application for defense fees, the Supreme Court reduced the fees by 54%.  For the remaining defense fees claimed for work performed on submissions to the Appellate Division, the Supreme Court remanded the matter to the Appellate Division for its determination of the reasonableness of these defense costs. 

Aronberg v. Tolbert 203 N.J. 587 (2011).  This matter involves the question of whether the heir of an uninsured motorist can maintain a wrongful death action even though the decedent did not maintain automobile insurance.  On September 15, 2005, Lawrence Aronberg (“Decedent”) was operating his motor vehicle when he was struck in the rear by a flatbed tractor-trailer (“Accident”) owned and operated by Fleetwood Taggert and Wendell Tolbert (“Defendants”).  Prior to the Accident, Allstate cancelled Decedent’s automobile policy because of non-payment of premiums.  Decedent’s estate (“Plaintiff”) filed a complaint in the Law Division seeking survivorship damages on behalf of the Decedent and wrongful death economic damages on behalf of Decedent’s heirs.  Defendants’ filed a summary judgment seeking to dismiss the Plaintiff’s survivorship and wrongful death claims because decedent failed to maintain automobile insurance on his vehicle at the time of the Accident.  The Trial Court dismissed the survivorship claims pursuant to N.J.S.A. 39:4-5(a) (the “Act”), which bars uninsured drivers from asserting any cause of action for injuries sustained in automobile accidents.  However, the Trial Court permitted the wrongful death action to proceed.  The Appellate Division affirmed the Trial Court’s denial of summary judgment on the wrongful death claim.  The Supreme Court of New Jersey granted Defendants’ motion for leave to file an interlocutory appeal and reversed finding that “when an uninsured motorist's cause of action is barred by N.J.S.A. 39:6A-4.5(a), an heir has no right of recovery under the Wrongful Death Act, N.J.S.A. 2A:31-1 to -6.”  The purpose of N.J.S.A. 39:6A-4.5(a) was to provide “maximum incentive for all motorists to comply with this State’s compulsory no-fault insurance laws.”  The Supreme Court reasoned that had Aronberg lived, he would not have the right to sue the defendants because he was an uninsured motorist at the time of the accident.  The case was reversed and remanded to the trial court for the entry of an order dismissing plaintiff’s wrongful death action.

ADDITIONAL REPRESENTATIVE MATTERS

Roy Evans

Y.G. v. Bd. of Educ., DOCKET NO. A-5146-09T2, SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY, APPELLATE DIVISION, 2011 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 954, April 19, 2011.  Plaintiff’s Petition for certification to New Jersey Supreme Court was denied on October 24, 2011.

Axa Assurs. v. Chase Manhattan Bank, DOCKET NO. A-4366-99T5, SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY, APPELLATE DIVISION, 339 N.J. Super. 22; 770 A.2d 1211; 2001 N.J. Super. LEXIS 139; 45 U.C.C. Rep. Serv. 2d (Callaghan) 854, March 14, 2001.

Metrobank for Sav., FSB v. National Community Bank of New Jersey, DOCKET NO. A-1868-91T5, SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY, APPELLATE DIVISION, 262 N.J. Super. 133; 620 A.2d 433; 1993 N.J. Super. LEXIS 41, November 4, 1992.

Giordano v. Allstate Ins. Co., DOCKET NO. A-2089-91T1, SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY, APPELLATE DIVISION, 260 N.J. Super. 329; 616 A.2d 936; 1992 N.J. Super. LEXIS 411, October 28, 1992.

Brian M. Foley        

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey v. Christine Grant, 343 N.J. Super. 162 (App. Div. 2001) (Hospital Charity Care Reimbursement).

Petroco v. Dover General Hospital and Medical Center, 273 N.J. Super. 501 (App. Div. 1994), cert. denied, 138 N.J. 264 (1994) (Hospital Policies and Procedures Regarding Chiropractors Admission to the Medical Staff).

Courtney v. Shore Memorial Hospital, 245 N.J. Super. 138 (App. Div. 1990) (Hospital and Medical Staff Authority to Take Correction Action Against Member of Staff).

A.W. v. Division of Medical Assistance and Health Services, 94 N.J. A.R. 22 (DMA) (1994) (Individual's Eligibility for Medicaid Long Term Care Benefits and Asset Transfers).

Sandra Calvert Nathans

He v. Miller, 207 N.J. 230 (2011)—Drafted Appellate Briefs in both Appellate Division and the Supreme Court. See above for details.

Valeria A. Vladyka  

Newark Ins. Co. v. Acupac Packaging Inc., 328 N.J. Super. 385 (App. Div. 2000).  Appellate Division reversed lower court grant of summary judgment to insurance carrier and held that sistership exclusion and business risk exclusion did not preclude coverage because property damage occurred when the insured’s product failed.

A&S Fuel Co. v. Royal Indemnity, 279 N.J. Super. 367 (App. Div. 1995), certif. denied 141 N.J. 98 (1995). Appellate Court upheld denial of coverage under absolute pollution exclusion contained in commercial automobile policy.

Nicosia v. Wakefern Food Corp., 136 N.J. 401 (1994).  Supreme Court clarified the prominence requirement for a disclaimer contained in an employee manual so as to preclude a binding enforceable contract of employment. 

Marc H. Zitomer

Board of Education of the Township of Piscataway, Middlesex County, v. New Jersey Department of Education, Office of School Funding, and Board of  Education of the Borough of Dunellen, Middlesex County. DOCKET NO. A-1916-10T4, SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY, APPELLATE DIVISION. 2012 N.J. Super. Unpub. April 19, 2012.

NOTEWORTHY ITEMS

Michael J. Marotte, Co-Chair

  • Recognized in 2012 by New Jersey Monthly magazine as one of New Jersey’s “Super Lawyers” * in Business/Corporate
  • AV® rating, the highest rating conferred by Martindale-Hubbell® for legal ability and professional ethics, based upon a peer review of the Bar and the Judiciary (2002)
  • Has argued numerous cases before New Jersey Appellate and Supreme Courts

John M. Bowens, Co-Chair

  • Certified by the Supreme Court of New Jersey as a Civil Trial Attorney since 1993
  • Recognized by New Jersey Monthly magazine as one of New Jersey’s “Super Lawyers” *
  • AV® rating
  • Named a Fellow of the Litigation Counsel of America (fewer than 100 Fellows in the State of New Jersey) (2011)
  • Listed in Best Lawyers in America®** and again in 2012 in the field of Insurance Law
  • Named as one of the best lawyers in the tri-state area (New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut) and in the nation by New York magazine

Gary F. Werner

  • Recognized in 2008, 2009. 2010, 2011 and 2012 by New Jersey Monthly magazine as one of New Jerseys Super Lawyers in Construction/Surety
  • Member, National Advisory Board of the Heldrich Center for Workplace Development, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
  • Frequent lecturer on construction law issues as well as mediation and alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

James A. Kassis

  • Certified by the Supreme Court of New Jersey as a Civil Trial Attorney since 2012 
  • Recognized in 2009 and 2010 by New Jersey Monthly magazine as one of New Jersey’s “Rising Star, Super Lawyers” * in General Litigation
  • Member, Trial Attorneys of New Jersey (2011)

Sandra Calvert Nathans

  • Former Counsel, Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (RIDEM)
  • Litigation and administrative matters with New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP)

Valerie A. Vladyka

  • Recognized in 2006 by New Jersey Monthly magazine as one of New Jersey’s “Rising Star, Super Lawyers” * for Insurance Coverage 

Ryder T. Ulon 

  • Recognized in 2009, 2010 and 2012 by New Jersey Monthly magazine as one of New Jersey’s “Rising Star, Super Lawyers” * for Construction Litigation

 * For more information about the Super Lawyers selection process, please go to: http://www.superlawyers.com/about/selection_process.html
No aspect of this advertising has been approved by the New Jersey Superior Court. 

** Copyright 2011 by Woodward/White, Inc., Aiken, SC.  Mr. Bowens was recognized in the field of Insurance Law.  Best Lawyers is the oldest and most respected peer-review publication in the legal profession.  A listing in Best Lawyers is widely regarded by both clients and legal professionals as a significant honor.  (For more information regarding Best Lawyers selection, please go to www.bestlawyers.com)